Many technologies that help humans live longer and better lives are also available for your pet. Blood testing, an important medical technology, is performed regularly by your veterinarian because it provides valuable information for determining the overall health of your companion.
The staff at Long Island City Veterinary Center is pleased to provide you with information regarding blood testing. Please do not hesitate to call the hospital if you have specific questions about your pet’s blood test results.
COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT
A complete blood count (also called CBC) actually consists of several tests that evaluate the number and type of blood cells in the circulation. Cells that are evaluated consist of white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), and platelets.
Laboratory Technician Counting Blood Cells
White blood cells are important in helping the body fight infection. Red blood cells are fundamental for carrying oxygen to the body’s tissues. Abnormal numbers of these cells can indicate anemia, infection, leukemia, stress, and inflammation.
Platelets are involved in the blood clotting process and if low (in number) can indicate a bleeding disorder.
The hematocrit (HCT) provides information pertaining to the relative number of red blood cells (RBC) in circulation. This test is used to diagnose anemia and dehydration.
These tests survey many of the organ systems of the body in order and often indicate if they are working properly.
Albumin (ALB) – Low levels indicates chronic liver or kidney disease, intestinal disease, or intestinal parasites (especially hookworms).
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) – Elevated with liver disease or injury.
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALKP) – Elevated levels can indicate liver disease or Cushing’s disease.
Amylase (AMYL) – Elevated blood levels can indicate pancreatic and / or kidney disease.
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) – Reflects kidney and liver disease as well as dehydration.
Cholesterol (CHOL) – Elevated levels are seen in many disorders. Some include liver and kidney disease and hypothyroidism.
Creatinine (CREA) – Elevated levels can be due to kidney disease or urinary tract obstruction.
Blood Glucose (GLU) – High levels can indicate diabetes. Low levels can indicate liver disease, infection or certain tumors.
Total Bilirubin (TBIL) – Levels of Bilirubin are useful in diagnosing anemia and bile duct problems.
Total Protein (TP) – This can detect many conditions. Some include liver, kidney, and gastrointestinal diseases as well as dehydration.
Calcium (Ca) – Increased levels are seen with certain tumors and kidney and parathyroid gland disease.
Phosphorus (PHOS) – Elevated levels can indicate kidney disease.
Sodium, Potassium, Chloride – all should be within normal levels. Vomiting, dehydration, and diarrhea can affect their levels.